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Journal Articles Frontiers in Political Science Year : 2021

The Geographies and Politics of Gene Editing: Framing Debates Across Seven Countries

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Morgan Meyer

Abstract

This article traces the contours and dynamics of the debates about the politics of gene editing. It does so by providing both a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the publications on the topic. We present a scientometric analysis of scientific publications; we discuss the geographies of gene editing by analysing the scales and spatial terms mobilised; and we undertake a lexicometric analysis of how debates are framed and the public is positioned. Our scientometric analysis of scientific articles shows that the governance and regulation of gene editing is discussed across an increasing range of disciplines and countries over the years. Along with this internationalisation and “transdisciplinarisation,” we see a qualitative shift in the “grounding” of the debate: while initially, authors tend to reflect about gene editing, in more recent years, there are increasing calls to act upon current knowledge. Across the countries we studied (the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, China, Australia, Japan, and Canada) our lexicometric analysis shows only a few differences in terms of how gene editing is discussed. While the general framing of the debate is widely shared, the differences that we observe concern for instance the applications or benefits of gene editing and the ways in which the importance of involving the public is worded. We hold that bringing together multiple methods allows a rich and multifaceted discussion of the politics of gene editing, and that this opens up fertile dialogues between geography, sociology and political science.
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hal-03457850 , version 1 (05-01-2022)

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Morgan Meyer, Frédéric Vergnaud. The Geographies and Politics of Gene Editing: Framing Debates Across Seven Countries. Frontiers in Political Science, 2021, 3, ⟨10.3389/fpos.2021.731496⟩. ⟨hal-03457850⟩
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