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Analysis of corrosion risk due to chloride diffusion for concrete structures in marine environment

Tristan Senga Kiesse 1, 2, 3 Stéphanie Bonnet 2, 1 Ouali Amiri 2, 1 Anne Ventura 1, 2, 4
1 IEG - Interactions Eau-Geomatériaux
GeM - Institut de Recherche en Génie Civil et Mécanique, IUT Saint-Nazaire - Institut Universitaire de Technologie Saint-Nazaire
Abstract : The chloride-induced steel corrosion is one of the main causes of deterioration for reinforced concrete structures exposed to marine environments. The chloride ingress into reinforced concrete structures is even more complex since it depends on random parameters linked to transport and chemical properties of materials, which results in variability of corrosion initiation. This variation raises the need of statistical approaches to evaluate the risk of corrosion initiation due to chloride ingress. To address this issue, we use sensitivity analysis to identify the influence of input parameters on critical length of time before corrosion initiation predicted by our chloride diffusion model. Exceedance probabilities of corrosion initiation time given that input parameters exceed certain thresholds were also calculated. Results showed that the corrosion initiation time was most sensitive to: chloride effective diffusion coefficient De in concrete, that is a parameter controllable by relevant stakeholders; surface chloride concentration Cs, a non-controllable parameter depending on surrounding conditions. Reducing the chloride diffusion coefficient enables us to postpone the maintenance of structures. However, the interaction between controllable parameters and non-controllable surrounding conditions was revealed influential on the reliability of results. For instance, the probability that corrosion initiation time exceeds 15 years given an effective diffusion coefficient (De) equal to 0.1 × 10−12 m2⋅s-1 can vary from 19 to 41% according to stochastic variations of chloride concentrations (Cs) values. Postponing the corrosion initiation time was combined with a decreasing probability of its occurrence.
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 19, 2020 - 7:54:29 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, December 30, 2020 - 1:08:06 PM


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Tristan Senga Kiesse, Stéphanie Bonnet, Ouali Amiri, Anne Ventura. Analysis of corrosion risk due to chloride diffusion for concrete structures in marine environment. Marine Structures, Elsevier, 2020, 73, pp.102804. ⟨10.1016/j.marstruc.2020.102804⟩. ⟨hal-02930173⟩



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