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Characterization and origin of the Mn-rich patinas formed on Lunéville château sandstones

Abstract : The formation of iron-and/or manganese-rich dark patinas on sandstones is a common natural phenomenon that occurs also on building stones. Lunéville château, in eastern France, presents such patinas that developed either under natural conditions (rain and time) or after an accidental fire and exposure to significant amounts of water as part of attempts to extinguish the fire. The present study aimed at characterizing both types of patinas in an effort to determine their formation mechanisms and Mn sources. In both cases, Mn required for patina formation likely derives from the reductive dissolution of Mn-rich minerals present in pristine sandstones, as suggested by the contrasting mineralogy and chemistry of Mn-rich phases present in the bulk and in the patina of a given building block. Reduced Mn species then migrate to the exposed surface of building blocks where they are re-oxidized via undetermined processes. Patinas developing "naturally" over time result from the alternation of wetting-reducing and drying-oxidizing cycles and appear to be composed of birnessite. Patinas formed after the 2003 fire result from this single accidental event and form a much thinner, heterogeneous, and discontinuous layer of poorly crystalline lithiophorite at the sandstone surface (∼ 0-150 µm compared to ∼ 300-600 µm for "natural" patinas). The lack of Mn-rich patinas on areas of Lunéville château is likely related to the lower Mn content of pristine sandstone blocks.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 1, 2021 - 9:35:57 AM
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Laure Gatuingt, Stéphanie Rossano, Jean-Didier Mertz, Chloé Fourdrin, Olivier Rozenbaum, et al.. Characterization and origin of the Mn-rich patinas formed on Lunéville château sandstones. European Journal of Mineralogy, Copernicus, 2021, 33 (6), pp.687 - 702. ⟨10.5194/ejm-33-687-2021⟩. ⟨hal-03460593⟩

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