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Article Dans Une Revue European Review of History Année : 2009

Creativity and its contexts: the emergence, institutionalisation and profesionalisation of science and culture in Luxembourg

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Morgan Meyer

Résumé

While an abundant literature on the social history of culture and science in Europe has developed over the past few decades, there is to date hardly any academic work exploring the social history of science and culture in Luxembourg. The aim of this article is to put Luxembourg 'on the map' by focusing on its scientific research and museums in order to examine the emergence, institutionalisation and professionalisation of Luxembourg's science and culture. It will be argued that the most radical changes occurred in the 1980s and 1990s: a multiplication of infrastructures, an increase in budgets, a professionalisation of practices, the emergence of a market for artworks, and an appearance of dedicated policies. During this period, both the material architecture and the socioeconomic architecture of science and culture have been significantly (re)configured. Within the political debates accompanying these changes, the discourses stressing the positionality and relationality of science and culture are noteworthy: while both were increasingly positioned within a European context, research was predominantly portrayed as a resource to boost Luxembourg's economy whereas culture more as a complement to Luxembourg's image of a financial player and a means to 'regenerate' its symbolic capital.
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Dates et versions

hal-00422103 , version 1 (05-10-2009)

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Morgan Meyer. Creativity and its contexts: the emergence, institutionalisation and profesionalisation of science and culture in Luxembourg. European Review of History, 2009, 16 (4), pp.453-476. ⟨10.1080/13507480903063605⟩. ⟨hal-00422103⟩
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