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Electrochemical characterization of Pt/carbon xerogel and Pt/carbon aerogel catalysts: first insights into the influence of the carbon texture on the Pt nanoparticle morphology and catalytic activity

Abstract : Platinum catalysts were prepared by impregnation/reduction of two carbon supports with different pore textures: one carbon aerogel and one carbon xerogel. Impregnation with H2PtCl6 was followed by reduction in aqueous phase with NaBH4, filtration, drying and subsequent reduction by H-2. The catalysts were characterized by widely used physico-chemical methods (N-2 adsorption, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and CO chemisorption); from these techniques, no significant difference could be detected between the two samples. Actual Pt surface areas measured by coulometry of the electrochemical COads stripping are comparable for both samples. However, the peak position and charge below each electrooxidation peak points towards different fraction of small/large particles within these two samples. In addition, COads stripping shows that a fraction of the Pt particle surface is not electrochemically active. Pronounced differences observed in the specific activity towards O-2 reduction reaction were then explained by structural differences in Pt particles, undetectable by physico-chemical characterization techniques.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 6, 2010 - 5:24:42 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 19, 2020 - 1:50:08 PM

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Nathalie Job, Frédéric Maillard, Julien Marie, Sandrine Berthon-Fabry, Jean-Paul Pirard, et al.. Electrochemical characterization of Pt/carbon xerogel and Pt/carbon aerogel catalysts: first insights into the influence of the carbon texture on the Pt nanoparticle morphology and catalytic activity. Journal of Materials Science, Springer Verlag, 2009, 44 (24), pp.Pages 6591-6600. ⟨10.1007/s10853-009-3581-x⟩. ⟨hal-00481525⟩

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