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Effect of pre-strain on creep of three AISI 316 austenitic stainless steels in relation to reheat cracking of weld-affected zones

Abstract : Microstructural modifications induced by welding of 316 stainless steels and their effect on creep properties and relaxation crack propagation were examined. Cumulative strain due to multi-pass welding hardens the materials by increasing the dislocation density. Creep tests were conducted on three plates from different grades of 316 steel at 600 °C, with various carbon and nitrogen contents. These plates were tested both in the annealed condition and after warm rolling, which introduced pre-strain. It was found that the creep strain rate and ductility after warm rolling was reduced compared with the annealed condition. Moreover, all steels exhibited intergranular crack propagation during relaxation tests on Compact Tension specimens in the pre-strained state, but not in the annealed state. These results confirmed that the reheat cracking risk increases with both residual stress triaxiality and pre-strain. On the contrary, high solute content and strain-induced carbide precipitation, which are thought to increase reheat cracking risk of stabilised austenitic stainless steels did not appear as key parameters in reheat cracking of 316 stainless steels.
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https://hal-mines-paristech.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00488986
Contributeur : Bibliothèque Umr7633 <>
Soumis le : jeudi 3 juin 2010 - 15:28:40
Dernière modification le : jeudi 24 septembre 2020 - 18:30:07

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Quentin Auzoux, Lucien Allais, Christel Caës, I. Monnet, Anne-Françoise Gourgues, et al.. Effect of pre-strain on creep of three AISI 316 austenitic stainless steels in relation to reheat cracking of weld-affected zones. Journal of Nuclear Materials, Elsevier, 2010, 400, pp.127-137. ⟨10.1016/j.jnucmat.2010.02.021⟩. ⟨hal-00488986⟩

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