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Mechanical and microstructural stability of P92 steel under uniaxial tension at high temperature

Abstract : 9–12%Cr creep-resistant ferritic-martensitic steels are candidates for structural components of Generation IV nuclear power plants. However, they are sensitive to softening during low-cycle fatigue, creep and creep-fatigue tests, due to the destabilisation of the tempered martensite microstructure, possibly inducing a decrease in further creep resistance. To better identify the softening mechanisms in P92 steel during uniaxial deformation, tensile tests were carried out at 823 K, showing an extended and stable softening stage on true stress–strain curves after some work-hardening. Three phenomena were studied in order to understand this behaviour: mechanical instability (necking), damage and grain size evolution. Examination of fractured and non-fractured tensile specimens (light optical and electron microscopy, macrohardness) suggested that the physical mechanisms responsible for softening are mainly (sub)grain size evolution and diffuse necking. Models were proposed to predict grain growth and beginning of the mechanical instability during homogeneous deformation.
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 10, 2010 - 2:20:38 PM
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Pierre-François Giroux, F. Dalle, Maxime Sauzay, J. Malaplate, Benjamin Fournier, et al.. Mechanical and microstructural stability of P92 steel under uniaxial tension at high temperature. Materials Science and Engineering: A, Elsevier, 2010, 527, pp.3984-3993. ⟨10.1016/j.msea.2010.03.001⟩. ⟨hal-00491028⟩



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