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Swelling and dissolution of cellulose, Part III: plant fibres in aqueous systems

Abstract : Raw and refined flax, hemp, abaca, sisal, jute and ramie fibres are dipped into N-methylmorpholine N-oxide (NMMO)-water with various contents of water and into hydroxide sodium (NaOH)-water. The swelling and dissolution mechanisms of these plant fibres are similar to those observed for cotton and wood fibres. Disintegration into rod-like fragments, ballooning followed or not by dissolution and homogeneous swelling are all observed as for wood and cotton fibres, depending on the quality of the solvent. Balloons are not typical of wood and cotton and they seem to be present in all plant fibres. Another interesting result is that the helical feature seen on the balloon membrane is not related to the microfibrillar angle. Plant fibres are easier to dissolve than wood and cotton. This is not related to the molar mass of the cellulose chain. Raw plant fibres keeping most its non-cellulosic components do not show the formation of balloons.
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Submitted on : Friday, August 13, 2010 - 3:00:41 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 3:45:50 AM

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Céline Cuissinat, Patrick Navard. Swelling and dissolution of cellulose, Part III: plant fibres in aqueous systems. Cellulose, Springer Verlag, 2008, 15 (1), pp.Pages 67-74. ⟨10.1007/s10570-007-9158-4⟩. ⟨hal-00509599⟩

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