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Influence of strain rate on P92 microstructural stability during fatigue tests at high temperature

Abstract : 9-12%Cr creep-resistant ferritic-martensitic steels are candidates for structural components of Generation IV nuclear power plants. However, they are sensitive to softening during fatigue and creep-fatigue loading. To better understand softening mechanisms in ASTM Grade 92, fatigue tests were carried out at 823 K at various strain amplitudes. Two different values of the strain rate (2 10−3 s−1 and 10−5 s−1) were used for one strain amplitude. The softening behavior is mainly due to microstructural evolution. Examination of fractured specimens (hardness tests, TEM) shows an influence of strain rate on both increase in subgrain size and decrease in free dislocation density during cycling. Study of the evolution of isotropic, kinematic and viscous contributions to stress during fatigue tests shows a decrease in the kinematic contribution during cycling. A simplified mean field polycrystalline model based on subgrain growth is proposed in order to account for this strain rate effect. Potential impact on further creep resistance behavior is discussed.
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Pierre-François Giroux, F. Dalle, Maxime Sauzay, Christel Caës, Benjamin Fournier, et al.. Influence of strain rate on P92 microstructural stability during fatigue tests at high temperature. Fatigue 2010, Jun 2010, Prague, Czech Republic. pp.2141-2150, ⟨10.1016/j.proeng.2010.03.230⟩. ⟨hal-00509939⟩

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