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Microstructural evolution of PET under stretching and during stretch blow moulding

Abstract : Strain induced crystallisation of PET designed for stretch blow molding is studied combining well-controlled tensile tests and free blowing on a stretch blow prototype. Microstructure evolution is followed by WAXS and SAXS. Observations on blown parts clearly show that the microstructure can differ along the bottle and from processing conditions to another. Difference can be observed on crystalline orientation, periodic arrangement at the level of lamellae and long period. Range of long period, 8.5 to 13 nm is in agreement with literature. In certain case lamellar organisation disappears. Despite of high level of strain and evidence for strain hardening to occur during blowing no perfect crystalline pattern is observed, except in very thick zones. Interrupted tensile tests followed by quenching demonstrates that strain hardening is not correlated to prefect crystallisation. Microstructure clearly depends on the three parameters: temperature, strain rate and strain. It is concluded that strain hardening is mainly controlled by first stages of crystallisation and that actual crystallisation occurs during a following relaxation step. This later is then highly dependent upon cooling step.
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Submitted on : Thursday, August 19, 2010 - 3:02:24 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 24, 2020 - 5:22:54 PM

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Martine Picard, Noëlle Billon. Microstructural evolution of PET under stretching and during stretch blow moulding. 10th ESAFORM Conference on Material Forming, Pts A and B, Apr 2007, Zaragoza, Spain. p. 801-806 - ISBN 0735404143, ⟨10.1063/1.2729611⟩. ⟨hal-00510546⟩

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