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Viscous properties of thermoplastic starches from different botanical origin

Abstract : Starches from various botanical origins were plasticized in a twin screw extruder with different glycerol contents (from 23 to 32 %, total wet basis) in order to prepare pellets of amorphous thermoplastic starches (TPS) that can further be processed for manufacturing purposes. The viscous behaviour of these starches was studied with a capillary pre-shearing rheometer, which achieved an homogeneous molten phase under controlled thermomechanical conditions. After performing Bagley corrections and Rabinowitsch analysis, it was found that all samples exhibited a non-Newtonian shear-thinning behaviour, which could be modeled in the range 1 to 103 s-1 either by a simple power law or by a Herschel-Bulkley relationship. For the consistency index, the influence of temperature and plasticizer content was accounted for by Arrhenius-like laws, applying time-temperature and time-plasticizer superposition. For the same plasticizer content and temperature, comparison of starches from different botanical origins showed that shear viscosity values usually increased with the starch amylose content. This trend was partly confirmed for the elongational behaviour, estimated by the Cogswell's analysis of entrance effects. These results can be interpreted by the greater ability of linear molecules of amylose to entangle, compared to the more compact amylopectin molecules.
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Submitted on : Thursday, August 19, 2010 - 4:03:58 PM
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Guy Della Valle, Bruno Vergnes, Denis Lourdin. Viscous properties of thermoplastic starches from different botanical origin. International Polymer Processing, 2007, 22 (5), pp.Pages 471-479. ⟨10.3139/217.2057⟩. ⟨hal-00510570⟩



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