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Kinetics of Cellulose Regeneration from Cellulose−NaOH−Water Gels and Comparison with Cellulose−N-Methylmorpholine-N-Oxide−Water Solutions

Abstract : The regeneration kinetics of cellulose from cellulose−NaOH−water gels immersed in a nonsolvent bath is studied in detail. Cellulose concentration, bath type, and temperature were varied, and diffusion coefficients were determined. The results were compared with data measured and taken from the literature on the regeneration kinetics of cellulose from cellulose−N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide (NMMO) monohydrate solutions. Different theories developed for the transport behavior of solutes in hydrogels or in porous media were tested on the systems studied. While the diffusion of NaOH from cellulose−NaOH−water gels into water has to be described with “porous media” approaches, the interpretation of NMMO diffusion is complicated because of the change of NMMO's state during regeneration (from solid crystalline to liquid) and the high concentration of NMMO in the sample. The activation energies were calculated from diffusion coefficient dependence on temperature for both systems and compared with the ones obtained from the rheological measurements. The activation energy of cellulose−NaOH−water systems does not depend on cellulose concentration or the way of measurement. This result shows that whatever the system is, pure NaOH−water solution, cellulose−NaOH−water solution, or cellulose−NaOH−water gel, it is NaOH hydrate with or without cellulose in solution, which is moving in the system. The swelling of cellulose in different nonsolvent liquids such as water or different alcohols during regeneration was investigated and interpreted using the Hildebrand parameter.
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https://hal-mines-paristech.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00522031
Contributor : Magalie Prudon <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, September 29, 2010 - 2:03:50 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:12:31 AM

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Roxane Gavillon, Tatiana Budtova. Kinetics of Cellulose Regeneration from Cellulose−NaOH−Water Gels and Comparison with Cellulose−N-Methylmorpholine-N-Oxide−Water Solutions. Biomacromolecules, American Chemical Society, 2007, 8 (2), pp.424-432. ⟨10.1021/bm060376q⟩. ⟨hal-00522031⟩

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