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High-temperature mechanical properties improvement on modified 9Cr–1Mo martensitic steel through thermomechanical treatments

Abstract : In the framework of the development of generation IV nuclear reactors and fusion nuclear reactors, materials with an improved high temperature (congruent with650 °C) mechanical strength are required for specific components. The 9–12%Cr martensitic steels are candidate for these applications. Thermomechanical treatments including normalisation at elevated temperature (1150 °C), followed by warm-rolling in metastable austenitic phase and tempering, have been applied on the commercial Grade 91 martensitic steel in order to refine its microstructure and to improve its precipitation state. The temperature of the warm-rolling was set at 600 °C, and those of the tempering heat-treatment at 650 °C and 700 °C thanks to MatCalc software calculations. Microstructural observations proved that the warm-rolling and the following tempering heat-treatment lead to a finer martensitic microstructure pinned with numerous small carbide and nitride particles. The hardness values of thermomechanically treated Grade 91 steel are higher than those of the as-received Grade 91. It is also shown that the yield stress and the ductility of the thermomechanically treated Grade 91 steel are significantly improved compared to the as-received material. Preliminary creep results showed that these thermomechanical treatments improve the creep lifetime by at least a factor 14.
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https://hal-mines-paristech.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00523277
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Submitted on : Monday, October 4, 2010 - 4:32:58 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 24, 2020 - 6:30:04 PM

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Stéphanie Hollner, Benjamin Fournier, J. Le Pendu, T. Cozzika, I. Tournié, et al.. High-temperature mechanical properties improvement on modified 9Cr–1Mo martensitic steel through thermomechanical treatments. Journal of Nuclear Materials, Elsevier, 2010, 405, pp.101-108. ⟨10.1016/j.jnucmat.2010.07.034⟩. ⟨hal-00523277⟩

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