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Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids Année : 2001

DLS and SAXS investigations of organic gels and aerogels


Recent investigations have shown that the structure of organic aerogels can be significantly modified by changing the precursors, the solvent and the nature of the catalyst involved in the sol-gel reaction. It is therefore highly desirable to investigate the sol-gel mechanism. For this purpose, dynamic light scattering (DLS) measurements have been performed at different stages of the reaction for base- or acid-catalyzed gelation of resorcinol-formaldehyde (RF) using water or acetone as solvents. The structure of aged gels was investigated by small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and compared to that of the aerogels obtained after exchange of solvent by supercritical CO2 and drying of the aged gels. It is shown that acid-catalyzed gelation of RF in acetone can be described by percolation, which explains that this series of aerogels consists of mass fractal aggregates (Dm = 2.5). The partial collapse of this polymeric gel yielding colloidal particles in the aerogel can be attributed to deswelling in supercritical CO2. DLS indicates that gelation of RF with a base catalyst yields a colloidal gel whose structure remains practically unchanged in the aerogel, as shown by SAXS.

Dates et versions

hal-00523875 , version 1 (06-10-2010)



Sandrine Berthon-Fabry, Olivier Barbieri, Françoise Ehrburger-Dolle, Erik Geissler, Patrick Achard, et al.. DLS and SAXS investigations of organic gels and aerogels. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 2001, 285 (1-3), pp.Pages 154-161. ⟨10.1016/S0022-3093(01)00447-1⟩. ⟨hal-00523875⟩
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