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Behavior of a net of fibers linked by viscous interactions: theory and mechanical properties

Abstract : This paper presents an investigation of the macroscopic mechanical behavior of highly concentrated fiber suspensions for which the mechanical behavior is governed by local fiber-fiber interactions. The problem is approached by considering the case of a net of rigid fibers of uniform length, linked by viscous point interactions of power-law type. Those interactions may result in local forces and moments located at the contacting point between two fibers, and respectively power-law functions of the local linear and angular velocity at this point. Assuming the existence of an elementary representative volume which size is small compared to the size of the whole structure, the fiber net is regarded as a periodic assembly of identical cells. Macroscopic equilibrium and constitutive equations of the equivalent continuum are then obtained by the discrete and periodic media homogenization method, based on the use of asymptotic expansions. Depending on the order of magnitude of local translational viscosities and rotational viscosities, three types of the equivalent continua are proved to be possible. One of them leads to an effective Cosserat medium, the other ones being usual Cauchy media. Lastly, formulations that enable an effective computation of constitutive equations are detailed. They show that the equivalent continuum behaves like an anisotropic power-law fluid.
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Steven Le Corre, Denis Caillerie, Laurent Orgéas, Denis Favier. Behavior of a net of fibers linked by viscous interactions: theory and mechanical properties. Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, Elsevier, 2004, 52 (2), pp.395-421. ⟨10.1016/S0022-5096(03)00090-5⟩. ⟨hal-00531571⟩

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