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Structure and physicochemistry of anodic oxide films on titanium and TA6V alloy

Abstract : Anodization of titanium and its alloys is an important surface treatment, especially for adhesion applications, but is not as well studied as for aluminium alloys. This paper deals with the morphological, structural and physicochemical characterization of anodic oxide films grown on titanium and Ti-6Al-4V (TA6V) in chromic acid solution without (CA) or with (CA/HF) hydrofluoric acid addition, Several investigations methods are used: high-resolution scanning electron microscopy (HR-SEM), reflection high-energy electron diffraction (RHEED), x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS), nuclear reaction analysis (NRA) and wetting angle measurements. The occurrence and morphology of the nanoporous structure for CA/HF anodization are described. The compact films grown in CA solution are amorphous and the porous films grown in the CA/HF solution are partially crystalline. The thickness and morphology of the films are described and discussed as a function of the anodizing conditions and of the composition of the underlying substrate. The composition of the film appears to be TiO2 + Al2O3 (with Ti/Al atomic ratio similar to 5), with incorporation of fluorine from the solution in the porous films and of small quantities of vanadium in the films that are grown. The specific role played by the Cr(VI) and F species on the film growth-and-dissolution formation process is discussed and a growth mechanism is proposed.
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Contributor : Corinne Matarasso Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, December 1, 2010 - 4:34:45 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, June 26, 2022 - 11:52:42 AM


  • HAL Id : hal-00542118, version 1


Valérie Zwilling, Evelyne Darque-Ceretti, Annick Boutry-Forveille, Daniel David, Michel-Yves Perrin, et al.. Structure and physicochemistry of anodic oxide films on titanium and TA6V alloy. Surface and Interface Analysis, Wiley-Blackwell, 1999, 27 (7), p.629-637. ⟨hal-00542118⟩



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