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Article Dans Une Revue Comptes Rendus. Physique Année : 2010

Advances in cleavage fracture modelling in steels : micromechanical, numerical and multiscale aspects

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André Pineau
Benoit Tanguy
  • Fonction : Auteur

Résumé

Brittle cleavage fracture remains one of the major concerns for structural integrity assessment. The main characteristics of this mode of failure in relation to the stress field ahead of a crack, tip are described in the introduction. The emphasis is laid on the physical origins of scatter and the size effect observed in ferritic steels. It is shown that cleavage fracture is controlled by physical events occurring at different scales: initiation at (sub)micrometric particles, propagation across grain boundaries (10–50 microns) and final fracture at centimetric scale. The two first scales are detailed in this paper. The statistical origin of cleavage is described quantitatively from both microstructural defects and stress–strain heterogeneities due to crystalline plasticity at the grain scale. Existing models are applied to the prediction of the variation of Charpy fracture toughness with temperature.
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Dates et versions

hal-00542464 , version 1 (02-12-2010)

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André Pineau, Benoit Tanguy. Advances in cleavage fracture modelling in steels : micromechanical, numerical and multiscale aspects. Comptes Rendus. Physique, 2010, 11, pp.316-325. ⟨10.1016/j.crhy.2010.07.013⟩. ⟨hal-00542464⟩
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