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Long-term reactive transport modelling of stabilized/solidified waste: from dynamic leaching tests to disposal scenarios

Abstract : Environmental impact assessment of hazardous waste disposal relies, among others, on standardized leaching tests characterized by a strong coupling between diffusion and chemical processes. In that respect, this study shows that reactive transport modelling is a useful tool to extrapolate laboratory results to site conditions characterized by lower solution/solid (L/S) ratios, site specific geometry, infiltration, etc. A cement solidified/ stabilized (S/S) waste containing lead is investigated as a typical example. The reactive transport model developed in a previous study to simulate the initial state of the waste as well as laboratory batch and dynamic tests is first summarized. Using the same numerical code (HYTEC), this model is then integrated to a simplified waste disposal scenario assuming a defective cover and rain water infiltration. The coupled evolution of the S/S waste chemistry and the pollutant plume migration are modelled assessing the importance of the cracking state of the monolithic waste. The studied configurations correspond to an undamaged and fully sealed system, a few main fractures between undamaged monoliths and, finally, a dense crack-network in the monoliths. The model considers the potential effects of cracking, first the increase of rain water and carbon dioxide infiltration and, secondly, the increase of L/S ratio and reactive surfaces, using either explicit fracture representation or dual porosity approaches.
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https://hal-mines-paristech.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00564446
Contributeur : Vincent Lagneau <>
Soumis le : mardi 8 février 2011 - 22:29:10
Dernière modification le : mercredi 14 octobre 2020 - 03:48:01

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Laurent de Windt, Rabia Badreddine, Vincent Lagneau. Long-term reactive transport modelling of stabilized/solidified waste: from dynamic leaching tests to disposal scenarios. Journal of Hazardous Materials, Elsevier, 2007, B139, pp.529-536. ⟨10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.03.045⟩. ⟨hal-00564446⟩

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