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Experimental study of pure mineral phases/supercritical CO2 reactivity. Implications for geological CO2 sequestration

Abstract : Carbon dioxide sequestration in deep aquifers and depleted oilfields is a potential technical solution for reducing green-house gas release to the atmosphere: the gas containment relies on several trapping mechanisms (supercritical CO2, CO2(sc), dissolution together with slow water flows, mineral trapping) and on a low permeability cap-rock to prevent CO2(sc), which is less dense than the formation water, from leaking upwards. A leakproof cap-rock is thus essential to ensure the sequestration efficiency. It is also crucial for safety assessment to identify and assess potential alteration processes that may damage the cap-rock properties: chemical alteration, fracture reactivation, degradation of injection borehole seals, etc. The reactivity of the host-rock minerals with the supercritical CO2 fluid is one of the potential mechanisms, but it is altogether unknown. Reactivity tests have been carried out under such conditions, consisting of batch reactions between pure minerals and anhydrous supercritical CO2, or a two-phase CO2/H2O fluid at 200 °C and 105/160 bar. After 45 to 60 days, evidence of appreciable mineral-fluid reactivity was identified, including in the water-free experiments. For the mixed H2O/CO2 experiments, portlandite was totally transformed into calcite; anorthite displayed many dissolution patterns associated with calcite, aragonite, tridymite and smectite precipitations. For the anhydrous CO2 experiments, portlandite was totally carbonated to form calcite and aragonite; anorthite also displayed surface alteration patterns with secondary precipitation of fibrous calcite.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 8, 2011 - 10:58:58 PM
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Olivier Regnault, Vincent Lagneau, H. Catalette, Henri Schneider. Experimental study of pure mineral phases/supercritical CO2 reactivity. Implications for geological CO2 sequestration. Comptes Rendus Géoscience, Elsevier, 2005, 337, pp.1331-1339. ⟨10.1016/j.crte.2005.07.012⟩. ⟨hal-00564451⟩



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