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Prediction of Solidification Paths for Fe-C-Cr Alloys by a Multiphase Segregation Model Coupled to Thermodynamic Equilibrium Calculations

Abstract : A microsegregation model for the solidification of multicomponent alloys is developed. It couples the volume-averaged conservation equations for total mass, solute mass and energy assuming a uniform temperature. The diffusion in the liquid and solid phases, the growth kinetics of the solidifying microstructures and the velocity of the solid/liquid and solid/solid phase interfaces are considered in the model. Equilibrium between phases is taken into account and computed using dedicated thermodynamic software. The thermodynamic properties and their evolutions during solidification are directly retrieved from a database. Illustration is provided by the solidification of a Fe-C-Cr alloy. The occurrence of the recalescence due to the growth of the microstructure and the progress of solidification are predicted. The solidification behavior near to recalescence is evaluated. By adjusting the cooling intensity and the solute diffusivities, extreme approximations are retrieved. The model shows potentials to be coupled with a macrosegregation model for application to the solidification of multicomponent alloys.
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Hongwei Zhang, Charles-André Gandin, Haithem Ben Hamouda, Keiji Nakajima, Jicheng He. Prediction of Solidification Paths for Fe-C-Cr Alloys by a Multiphase Segregation Model Coupled to Thermodynamic Equilibrium Calculations. ISIJ international, Iron & Steel Institute of Japan, 2010, 50 (12 - Special Issue on Cutting Edge of Computer Simulation of Solidification and Casting), pp.Pages 1859-1866. ⟨10.2355/isijinternational.50.1859⟩. ⟨hal-00570414⟩

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