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Shear dynamics of aqueous suspensions of cellulose whiskeys

Abstract : The rheology of rigid rod cellulose whisker suspensions has been investigated. The isotropic-at-rest suspension flow curves show two plateaus, one at low shear rates and another at high shear rates, that reflect the flow of isotropic (at low shear rates) or oriented (at high shear rates) suspensions. From the low shear rate viscosity plateau vs concentration, we see that the system is in the semidilute region above 0.02 wt %, in agreement with the theoretical predictions. From the same curve, we can estimate a maximum packing concentration of whiskers rods that corresponds to the experimentally measured isotropic-to-anisotropic transition. The high shear rate plateau viscosity data show that the. suspension is still in the dilute state above 0.6 wt %. The critical concentration at the dilute-semidilute transition is thus strongly dependent on the state of order, which suggests that care has to be taken when measuring parameters extracted from flowing solutions or suspensions, as for example occurring with Ubbelhode viscometry. Above a certain critical concentration, the suspensions become anisotropic at rest. The viscosity vs concentration curve has a maximum that vanishes at high shear rates as for liquid crystalline polymer solutions. Rheological and rheo-optical observations show fast inception and relaxation of both the rheological functions and the texture, in complete contrast with liquid crystalline polymer solutions.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, March 8, 2011 - 5:23:48 PM
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Maria Bercea, Patrick Navard. Shear dynamics of aqueous suspensions of cellulose whiskeys. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, Elsevier, 2000, 33 (16), pp.Pages 6011-6016. ⟨10.1021/ma000417p⟩. ⟨hal-00574765⟩

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