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Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Rheology Année : 1998

Deformation and breakup mechanisms of single drops during shear


The behavior of single drops of isotropic hydroxypropylcellulose solutions immersed in a polydimethylsiloxane matrix subjected to a constant shear rate was investigated using a rheo-optical technique. Our main results concern the nonstationary deformation and breakup mechanisms of drops characterized by large capillary numbers. The deformation of threads follows a pseudoaffine deformation for Ca/Cacrit larger than 2.5 and above a certain strain. The end pinching mechanism occurs at a specific scaled strain, which includes the initial drop size and the applied shear rate. Capillary instabilities develop when the thread diameter reaches a critical value, dr, inversely proportional to the applied shear rate and independent of the initial drop diameter. The time necessary for the total rupture of a thread depends on the initial drop diameter, the applied shear rate, and the critical thread diameter dr. The droplet size resulting from the final rupture of a thread is found to be half that of the critical size, below which a drop deforms into a stable ellipsoid.


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Dates et versions

hal-00574910 , version 1 (09-03-2011)



Vassilios Tsakalos, Patrick Navard, Edith Peuvrel-Disdier. Deformation and breakup mechanisms of single drops during shear. Journal of Rheology, 1998, 42 (6), pp.Pages 1403-1417. ⟨10.1122/1.550894⟩. ⟨hal-00574910⟩
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