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Hydraulic head interpolation using ANFIS - model selection and sensitivity analysis

Abstract : The aim of this study is to investigate the efficiency of ANFIS (adaptive neuro fuzzy inference system) for interpolating hydraulic head in a 40 km2 agricultural watershed of the Seine basin (France). Inputs of ANFIS are Cartesian coordinates and the elevation of the ground. Hydraulic head were measured at 73 locations during a snapshot campaign on september 2009, which characterizes low water flow regime in the aquifer unit. The dataset was then split in three subsets using a square based selection method: a calibration one (55 %) , a training one (27 %) and a test one (18 %). First, a method is proposed to select the best ANFIS model, which corresponds to a sensitivity analysis of ANFIS to the type and number of membership functions (MF). Triangular, Gaussian, General bell and Spline based type of MF are used with 2, 3, 4 and 5 MF per input node. Performance criteria (RMSE) on the test subset is used to select the five best ANFIS models among 16. Then each one is used to interpolate the hydraulic head distribution on a 50m ×50m grid, which is compared to the soil elevation. The cells where the hydraulic head is higher than the soil elevation are counted as "error cells". The ANFIS model which exhibits the less "error cells" is selected as the best ANFIS model. The best model selection reveals that ANFIS models are very sensitive to the type and number of MF. Finally a sensibility analysis of the best ANFIS model with four triangular MF is performed on the interpolation grid, which shows that ANFIS remains stable to errors propagation with a higher sensitivity to soil elevation.
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https://hal-mines-paristech.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00598881
Contributor : Nicolas Flipo <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 7, 2011 - 6:19:54 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 24, 2020 - 4:34:10 PM

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Bedri Kurtulus, Nicolas Flipo. Hydraulic head interpolation using ANFIS - model selection and sensitivity analysis. Computers & Geosciences, Elsevier, 2012, 38 (1), pp.43-51. ⟨10.1016/j.cageo.2011.04.019⟩. ⟨hal-00598881⟩

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