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Thermomechanical analysis and modeling of the extrusion coating process

Abstract : During the extrusion coating process, a polymer film is extruded through a flat die, stretched in air, and then coated on a substrate (steel sheet in our case) in a laminator consisting of a chill roll and a flexible pressure roll. The nip, i.e. the area formed by the contact between the pressure and the chill rolls, constitutes the heart of the extrusion coating process. Indeed, in this region, some of the most critical properties, such as adhesion, barrier properties, optical properties, are achieved or lost. In this article, we first present an experimental investigation of the coating step, which enables to characterize the leading thermomechanical phenomena. It is shown that there is no polymer macroscopic flow in the nip, but a local flow within the asperities of the steel substrate surface. This microscopic flow, at the interface between the film and the substrate, is slowed by strong cooling conditions in the nip. Several models are then proposed, giving access to the temperature profile through polymer thickness and substrate, the pressure distribution in the nip as well as the behavior of the polymer melt in the nip at the interface with the substrate
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Submitted on : Friday, February 24, 2012 - 2:40:15 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:09:12 AM

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Cyrille Sollogoub, Eric Felder, Yves Demay, Jean-François Agassant, Pascal Deparis, et al.. Thermomechanical analysis and modeling of the extrusion coating process. Polymer Engineering and Science, Wiley-Blackwell, 2008, 48 (8), pp.Pages 1634-1648. ⟨10.1002/pen.21099⟩. ⟨hal-00673878⟩

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