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Morphology and molten-state rheology of polylactide and polyhydroxyalkanoate blends

Abstract : Polylactide (PLA) and poly(hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) blends were prepared at different compositions by melt mixing. First, the rheological properties of each individual component are briefly presented focusing on the most important aspects to be taken into account during blends preparation and investigation. The kinetics of PHBV viscosity decrease due to strong polymer degradation in the molten state was recorded. This helped making a choice of the blending parameters and of the way of performing the rheological frequency sweeps. DSC showed that components are immiscible in the whole range of compositions studied. Blends morphology was studied using high-resolution scanning electron microscope and optical microscopy in reflection mode. Nodular and co-continuous morphologies were observed depending on the composition, and minor phase size was roughly estimated. The rheology of PLA/PHBV blends was investigated in the dynamic mode and correlated with the morphology observed. The results showed an important role of the interfaces between PLA and PHBV and a peculiar behaviour of the viscosity of some mixtures at low frequencies. At medium and high frequencies mixture dynamic viscosity follows the mixing law.
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Submitted on : Monday, May 21, 2012 - 10:12:15 AM
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Thibaut Gérard, Tatiana Budtova. Morphology and molten-state rheology of polylactide and polyhydroxyalkanoate blends. European Polymer Journal, Elsevier, 2012, 48 (6), pp.1110-1117. ⟨10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2012.03.015⟩. ⟨hal-00699515⟩



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