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A study of intergranular fracture in an aluminium alloy due to hydrogen embrittlement

Abstract : This work concerns a study of the effects of plasticity on the mechanism of intergranular cracking assisted by hydrogen induced embrittlement in an aluminium alloy. Here, tensile specimens charged with hydrogen were used to investigate quantitatively the effect of plastic deformation on the mechanism of intergranular crack initiation at the scale of the individual grains. An experimental procedure was set up to monitor the evolution of surface strain fields on in situ tested SEM notched specimens using digital image correlation techniques. In addition, measurements of the associated crystal orientation evolution at the micron scale were carried out using electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD). These measurements were then compared with finite element predictions of the local strain fields on the observed regions of the in situ specimen. The numerical predictions were obtained using a dislocation mechanics-based crystal plasticity model to describe the constitutive behaviour of each individual grain. The crystallographic grain orientations of the region of interest were discretised for the finite element analyses from EBSD maps. From this study, it was found that intergranular cracking due to hydrogen embrittlement in the Al alloy is locally triggered by high tensile grain boundary tractions, here estimated to be 170 ± 35 MPa. As importantly, the results also revealed that the conditions needed for grain boundary microcracks to initiate are greatly affected by the deformation of neighbouring grains: i.e. it was established that boundaries between two "hard" grains, inside a neighbourhood of "softer" deformed grains, are the first to fail.
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https://hal-mines-paristech.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00701032
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Soumis le : jeudi 24 mai 2012 - 14:48:44
Dernière modification le : samedi 19 septembre 2020 - 04:31:30

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Edouard Pouillier, Anne-Françoise Gourgues, D. Tanguy, Esteban P. Busso. A study of intergranular fracture in an aluminium alloy due to hydrogen embrittlement. International Journal of Plasticity, Elsevier, 2012, 34, pp.139-153. ⟨10.1016/j.ijplas.2012.01.004,⟩. ⟨hal-00701032⟩

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