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Comparison of stress distribution in the temporomandibular joint during jaw closing before and after symphyseal distraction: a finite element study

Abstract : The aim of this study was to predict stress modification in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) after symphyseal distraction (SD). The study was performed using three-dimensional finite element analysis using a complete mastication model. Geometric data were obtained from MRI and CT scans of a healthy male patient and each component was meshed as various regions. The distraction was performed with a 10 mm expansion after simulation of a surgical vertical osteotomy line on the model in the mandibular midline region. The geometry and mesh of the bone callus were constructed. The bone callus was modelled as a strengthened region characterized by a Young's modulus corresponding to consolidated bone to predict the long-term biomechanical effect of SD. Boundary conditions for jaw closing simulations were represented by different jaw muscle load directions. The von Mises stress distributions in both joint discs and condyles during closing conditions were analysed and compared before and after SD. Stress distribution was similar in discs and on condylar surfaces in the pre- and post-distraction models. The outcomes of this study suggest that anatomical changes in TMJ structures should not predispose to long-term tissue fatigue and demonstrate the absence of clinical permanent TMJ symptoms after SD. © 2012 International Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons.
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https://hal-mines-paristech.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00719322
Contributor : Magalie Prudon <>
Submitted on : Thursday, July 19, 2012 - 3:04:25 PM
Last modification on : Friday, November 6, 2020 - 4:03:15 AM

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Charles Savoldelli, Pierre-Olivier Bouchard, Armelle Maniere-Ezvan, Georges Bettega, Yannick Tillier. Comparison of stress distribution in the temporomandibular joint during jaw closing before and after symphyseal distraction: a finite element study. International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Elsevier, 2012, 41 (12), pp.1474-1482. ⟨10.1016/j.ijom.2012.06.005⟩. ⟨hal-00719322⟩

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