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Article Dans Une Revue Comptes Rendus Mécanique Année : 2012

Generalised continuum modelling of grain size effects in polycrystals

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1
Samuel Forest

Résumé

The effect of the dislocation density tensor is introduced into the classical crystal plasticity framework by means of the micromorphic theory of single crystals. A computational homogenisation strategy is presented in order to describe the global and local responses of two-dimensional polycrystalline aggregates for grain sizes ranging from 1 to 200 microns. The model is shown to naturally predict a size-dependent kinematic hardening behaviour which is responsible for the observed strong size effects. The yield stress at a given averaged plastic strain is shown to follow a power law scaling relation for grain sizes larger than a critical one. The field of plastic deformation is also strongly affected by grain size, whereby micron-size grains lead to the formation of intense slip bands crossing several grains.
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Dates et versions

hal-00723160 , version 1 (07-08-2012)

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Nicolas Cordero, Samuel Forest, Esteban P. Busso. Generalised continuum modelling of grain size effects in polycrystals. Comptes Rendus Mécanique, 2012, 340, pp.261-274. ⟨10.1016/j.crme.2012.02.009⟩. ⟨hal-00723160⟩
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