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Strategies for reducing the environmental impacts of room air conditioners in Europe

Laurent Grignon-Massé 1 Philippe Rivière 1 Jérôme Adnot 1
1 CEP/Paris
CEP - Centre Énergétique et Procédés
Abstract : In Europe, buildings tend to be equipped with individual air conditioners, which constitute a fast growing electrical end-use. In this context, this study aims to assess the environmental impacts of European individual air conditioners and to analyse policy strategies to reduce these impacts. After analysing the European context concerning individual air conditioners, the environmental impacts of European air conditioners are assessed using a Life Cycle Analysis approach. The following step consists in studying, both technically and economically, different improvement options aiming at reducing the environmental impacts of these appliances. These results, obtained at the product level, are then generalised at the European level and different policy measures are defined and analysed. The main conclusion is that the implementation of a Minimum Energy Performance Standard based on Least Life Cycle Costs could save up to 49TWh and 20MtCO 2-eq in 2020 and be economically beneficial to the European end-user.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 2, 2013 - 11:39:55 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 24, 2020 - 5:22:03 PM

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Laurent Grignon-Massé, Philippe Rivière, Jérôme Adnot. Strategies for reducing the environmental impacts of room air conditioners in Europe. Energy Policy, Elsevier, 2011, 39 (4), pp.2152-2164. ⟨10.1016/j.enpol.2011.02.004⟩. ⟨hal-00769560⟩

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