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Article Dans Une Revue European Planning Studies Année : 2012

How Do Pre-existing R&D Activities in a Region Influence the Performance of Cluster Initiatives? The Case of French Competitiveness Clusters

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Emilie-Pauline Gallié
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Anna Glaser
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Valérie Mérindol
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Thierry Weil

Résumé

This article explores the diversity of 66 French competitiveness clusters, which were all accredited in 2005 according to the same specifications, by characterizing the initial context in which they emerged and taking a close look at the link between this initial context and their current performance. Since French competitiveness cluster policy is based on state co-funding of R&D projects, we establish a typology based on a multiple component analysis and a hierarchical ascending classification of the R&D potential of the cluster's territory, the respective R&D efforts of companies and academic laboratories, the kinds of actors setting up the cluster and their pre-existing relationships. We then measure the differences among the five classes relating to their clusters' capacity to obtain state funding for their projects. Our results show that initial context can partially explain competitiveness clusters' performance. Competitiveness clusters in territories possessing significant R&D resources, and involving large companies capable of organizing projects, are the most efficient in obtaining state funding. In contrast, competitiveness clusters without prior cooperation experience perform poorly.
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Dates et versions

hal-00782650 , version 1 (30-01-2013)

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Emilie-Pauline Gallié, Anna Glaser, Valérie Mérindol, Thierry Weil. How Do Pre-existing R&D Activities in a Region Influence the Performance of Cluster Initiatives? The Case of French Competitiveness Clusters. European Planning Studies, 2012, pp.1-23. ⟨10.1080/09654313.2012.722939⟩. ⟨hal-00782650⟩
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