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Rheological, structural and chemical evolution of bitumen under gamma irradiation

Abstract : Bitumen derived from crude oil by fractional distillation has been used in the nuclear industry as a radioactive waste encapsulation matrix. When subjected to α, β and γ self-irradiation, this organic matrix undergoes radiolysis, generating hydrogen bubbles and modifying the physical and chemical properties of the material. In this paper, the effects of irradiation on bitumen materials, especially in terms of its physical, chemical, structural and rheological properties, were characterized at radiation doses ranging from 1 to 7 MGy. An increase in the shear viscosity and melt yield stress was observed with increasing doses. Similarly, the elastic and viscous moduli (G′ and G″) increase with the dose, with a more pronounced increase for G′ that reflects enhanced elasticity arising from radiation-induced cross-linking. In addition, a low-frequency plateau is observed for G′, reflecting pseudo-solid behavior and leading to an increase of the complex viscosity. This behavior is due to increased interactions between asphaltene particles, and to aromatization of the bitumen by γ-radiations. Cross-linking of bitumen enhances its strength, as confirmed by various techniques (modulated DSC, DTA/TGA, SEC, FTIR and XRD).
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Submitted on : Monday, May 13, 2013 - 10:34:30 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 17, 2021 - 12:28:05 PM



Mouhamad Mouazen, Arnaud Poulesquen, Florence Bart, Julien Masson, Maryline Charlot, et al.. Rheological, structural and chemical evolution of bitumen under gamma irradiation. Fuel Processing Technology, Elsevier, 2013, 114, pp.144-153. ⟨10.1016/j.fuproc.2013.03.039⟩. ⟨hal-00821812⟩



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