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Article Dans Une Revue Applied Geochemistry Année : 2013

Dolomite effect on borosilicate glass alteration

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Résumé

Dolomite (CaMg(CO3)2) is one of the common rock-forming minerals in many geological media, in particular in clayey layers that are currently considered as potential host formations for a deep radioactive waste disposal facility. Magnesium in solution is one of the elements known to potentially enhance the alteration of nuclear glasses. The alteration of borosilicate glasses with dolomite as a Mg-bearing mineral source was investigated for 8 months in batch tests at 90 °C. Glass composition effects were investigated through two compositions (SiBNaAlCaZrO and SiBNaAlZrO) differing in their Ca content. The Ca-rich glass alteration is slightly enhanced in the presence of dolomite compared to the alteration observed in pure water. This greater alteration is explained by the precipitation of Mg silicate phases on the dolomite and glass surfaces. In contrast, the Ca-free glass alteration decreases in the presence of dolomite compared to the alteration observed in pure water. This behavior is explained by Ca incorporation in the amorphous layer (formed during glass alteration) coming from dolomite dissolution. Calcium acts as a layer reorganizer and limits glass alteration by reducing the diffusion of reactive species through the altered layer. Modeling was performed using the GRAAL model implemented within the CHESS/HYTEC geochemical code to discriminate and interpret the mechanisms involved in glass/dolomite interactions. Magnesium released by dolomite dissolution reacts with silica provided by glass alteration to form Mg silicates. This reaction leads to a pH decrease. The main mechanism controlling glass alteration is the ability of dolomite to dissolve. During the experiment the quantities of secondary phases formed were very small, but for longer time scales, this mechanism could supply sufficient Mg in solution to form large amounts of Mg silicates and sustain glass alteration. The ability of the GRAAL model to reproduce the concentrations of elements in solution and solid phases regardless of the amount of dolomite and the glass composition strongly supports the basic modeling hypothesis.
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Dates et versions

hal-00822035 , version 1 (13-05-2013)

Identifiants

  • HAL Id : hal-00822035 , version 1

Citer

Matthieu Debure, Pierre Frugier, Laurent de Windt, S. Gin. Dolomite effect on borosilicate glass alteration. Applied Geochemistry, 2013, 33, pp.237-251. ⟨hal-00822035⟩
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