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Characterization of dispersion mechanisms of agglomerated fillers in an elastomer matrix under shear by in-situ observations

Abstract : The mixing of carbon black or silica fillers and a polymer matrix in an internal mixer implies two processes: dispersion and distribution. To disperse implies to reduce the filler initial size (a hundred microns) down to the aggregate size (a few tens of nanometers). This size is necessary to ensure the reinforcement of the matrix. Although the mixing of a filler and a matrix is an usual operation, elementary mechanisms and key parameters responsible for the size reduction of the filler are not fully understood. The rheo-optical technique (counter-rotating shear cell coupled with an optical microscope) is an efficient technique to observe in-situ during shear the filler dispersion mechanisms. Kinetics and criteria of dispersion mechanisms such as erosion or rupture can be determined. The present work compares the shear-induced dispersion mechanisms and criteria of different grades of carbon black and silica in a common polymer matrix (styrene-butadiene rubber). The objective was to determine the role of the intrinsic parameters of the filler (specific area) on dispersion. This study shows differences in the dispersion mechanisms of silica and carbon black. The data will be discussed in terms of internal organisation of the fillers.
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  • HAL Id : hal-00847824, version 1

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Véronique Collin, Céline Roux, Innocent Boudimbou, Edith Peuvrel-Disdier. Characterization of dispersion mechanisms of agglomerated fillers in an elastomer matrix under shear by in-situ observations. 9th Fall Rubber Colloquium, Nov 2010, Hannover, Germany. ⟨hal-00847824⟩

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