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Solubilities of ferrocene and acetylferrocene in supercritical carbon dioxide

Abstract : In this work, the solubilities of ferrocene and acetylferrocene in supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO(2)) were measured using an analytical method in a quasi-flow apparatus. High-performance liquid chromatography was applied through an online sampling procedure to determine the concentration of ferrocene and acetylferrocene in the scCO(2) phase. The experiments were performed within a temperature range of 308-348 K and at pressures ranging from 7.7 to 24.4 MPa. Acetylferrocene is the product of the Friedel-Crafts acylation reaction of ferrocene and has many applications in the material and pharmaceutical industries. The molar solubilities at the applied conditions range from 8.9 to 31.2 x 10(-4) for ferrocene and 2.5 to 79.2 x 10(-4) for acetylferrocene. The existence of a cross-over area for acetylferrocene was detected at a pressure of around 15 MPa and for ferrocene at a pressure of around 10 MPa. The comparison between the experimental solubility data shows that ferrocene is more soluble in scCO(2) at lower pressures, while at higher pressures acetylferrocene is more soluble in scCO(2). The reason for this behavior is a trade-off between the lower polarity of ferrocene (more dominant at lower pressures) and the higher volatility of acetylferrocene (more dominant at higher pressures). Results obtained in this work show that the solubility of the reaction product acetylferrocene in scCO(2) is sufficiently high to use scCO(2) extraction at high pressures to separate it from its reactant ferrocene in Friedel-Crafts acylation processes.
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Submitted on : Friday, October 25, 2013 - 4:50:19 PM
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Somayeh Kazemi, Veronica Belandria, Nico Janssen, Dominique Richon, Cor J. Peters, et al.. Solubilities of ferrocene and acetylferrocene in supercritical carbon dioxide. Journal of Supercritical Fluids, Elsevier, 2012, 72, pp.320-325. ⟨10.1016/j.supflu.2012.10.009⟩. ⟨hal-00877045⟩



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