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Thermal and environmental assessment of a passive building equipped with an earth-to-air heat exchanger in France

Stéphane Thiers 1 Bruno Peuportier 1 
1 CEP/Paris
CEP - Centre Énergétique et Procédés
Abstract : In France, where a division by 4 of the greenhouse gases emissions is aimed from 1990 to 2050, technical solutions are studied in order to reduce energy consumption while providing a satisfactory thermal comfort level in buildings. A two-dwelling passive building has been carried out in Formerie (North-West of France), complying the "Passivhaus" standard. This building, not yet monitored, has been modeled using the dynamic simulation software COMFIE, which is dedicated to building eco-design. In order to account for the implemented ventilation system, including a heat recovery unit and an earth-to-air heat exchanger, a specific model has been developed and integrated to COMFIE as a new module. In this article, this model is described first. In order to quantify the benefits brought by a passive design, the simulation results are presented for the passive house and a reference house complying with the French thermal regulation for buildings. The heating load and thermal comfort level of both houses are compared, showing for the passive design a tenfold reduction of the heating load and a clear reduction of summer discomfort. Finally, the environmental assessment - carried out with the life cycle assessment tool EQUER - shows the reduction in primary energy consumption, global warming potential and other impacts brought by the passive house design. Passive house appears to be an adequate solution to improve the environmental performances of buildings in the French context.
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Submitted on : Saturday, October 26, 2013 - 9:41:01 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 17, 2021 - 12:33:00 PM

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Stéphane Thiers, Bruno Peuportier. Thermal and environmental assessment of a passive building equipped with an earth-to-air heat exchanger in France. Solar Energy, Elsevier, 2008, 82 (9), pp.820-831. ⟨10.1016/j.solener.2008.02.014⟩. ⟨hal-00877106⟩



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