Environmental impact for offshore wind farms: Geolocalized Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) approach

Abstract : This paper presents an approach for Environmental Impact Assessment through the use of geolocalized LCA approach, for fixed and floating offshore wind farms. This work was undertaken within the EU-sponsored EnerGEO project, aiming at providing a versatile modeling platform for stakeholders allowing calculation, forecasting and monitoring of environmental impacts of different sources of energy. This paper described the geolocalized LCA approach, and its use for the evaluation of environmental impacts of wind energy. The effects of offshore wind farms on global environnemental impacts are evaluated though the LCA approach. It takes into account the type of wind farm, the construction phase, all technical aspects, the operation and maintenance scheme and the decommissioning. It also includes geolocalized information such as wind resources, bathymetry, accessibility ... Environmental impact parameters are accessible through a web service helping the decision makers in assessing the environnemental impacts.
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https://hal-mines-paristech.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00912879
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  • HAL Id : hal-00912879, version 1

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Catherine Guermont, Lionel Ménard, Benoît Gschwind, Isabelle Blanc, Thierry Ranchin. Environmental impact for offshore wind farms: Geolocalized Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) approach. OCOSS 2013 - Conference on Ocean & Coastal Observation: Sensors and observing systems, numerical models & information Systems, Oct 2013, Nice, France. pp.137-142. ⟨hal-00912879⟩

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