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A Comparison Between MHD Modeling and Experimental Results in a 3-Phase AC Arc Plasma Torch: Influence of the Electrode Tip Geometry

Abstract : Arc behavior in 3-Phase AC plasma technology remains poorly explored. This system noticeably differs from the classical DC plasma torches and aims to overcome certain limitations, such as efficiency, equipment cost and reliability. A MHD model of a 3-Phase AC plasma torch was recently developed at Mines-ParisTech. The model does not include the electrodes in the computational domain. In parallel, experiments were conducted using a high-speed video camera shooting 100,000 frames per second. In this paper, the comparison between MHD modeling and experimental results shows that the arc behavior is in line with the results from the MHD model. Particularly, the strong influences of both the electrode jets and Lorentz forces on the arc motion are confirmed. However, some differences between experimental and numerical electrical waveforms are observed and particularly in the current-voltage phase shift. A new model was then developed by integrating the electrodes into the computational domain and adjusting the electrode tip geometry. With this simulation, we were able to reproduce the phase shift, power and voltage values with a good accuracy showing the strong influence of electrode tip geometry on the 3-Phase arc plasma discharge.
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https://hal-mines-paristech.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00960102
Contributor : Magalie Prudon <>
Submitted on : Monday, March 17, 2014 - 3:54:41 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 24, 2020 - 5:20:17 PM

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Christophe Rehmet, Frédéric Fabry, Vandad-Julien Rohani, François Cauneau, Laurent Fulcheri. A Comparison Between MHD Modeling and Experimental Results in a 3-Phase AC Arc Plasma Torch: Influence of the Electrode Tip Geometry. Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing, Springer Verlag, 2014, 34 (4), pp.975-996. ⟨10.1007/s11090-014-9536-2⟩. ⟨hal-00960102⟩

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