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Net neutrality as an Internet governance issue: the globalization of an American-born debate

Francesca Musiani 1 Valérie Schafer Hervé Le Crosnier 2
2 Equipe Hultech - Laboratoire GREYC - UMR6072
GREYC - Groupe de Recherche en Informatique, Image, Automatique et Instrumentation de Caen
Abstract : Recent evolutions of the Internet and of its global economic value are increasingly placing it at the forefront of economic and political power relations. If the Internet is designed so as to circumvent centralized control, power relations are by no means absent from its management, and pose questions wider than technical evolution. This article introduces and discusses current debates on net neutrality in the frame of broader reflections on Internet governance, seeking to demonstrate how the issue, born as a technical debate on the transport layer--the ways in which data packets circulate in the network--turns into an economic debate concerning the funding of infrastructure and IT industries' respective roles, and ultimately entails questions of fundamental liberties, multi-stakeholder governance, and technical democracy. Furthermore, in order to obtain a better grasp of the United States' past and current role in Internet governance, the article aims to demonstrate how this debate, started as an American one and having reached Europe in the second half of the 2000s, has acquired national connotations that shed light on the various positions in this controversy, at the local and global scales.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 10, 2014 - 9:50:49 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 14, 2021 - 3:48:06 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-00976562, version 1

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Francesca Musiani, Valérie Schafer, Hervé Le Crosnier. Net neutrality as an Internet governance issue: the globalization of an American-born debate. Revue Française d'Etudes Américaines, Paris : Association Française d'études américaines, 2013, pp.47-63. ⟨hal-00976562⟩

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