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Fatigue lifetime and tearing resistance of AA2198 Al-Cu-Li alloy friction stir welds: fffect of defects

Abstract : The fatigue strength and failure mechanisms of defect-free ("sound") and flaw bearing friction stir butt-welds of 3.1 mm-thick AA2198-T8 Al-Li-Cu alloy have been investigated via S-N curves at R=0.1 using cross weld specimens. The fatigue strength of sound welds is only reduced by 10-15% at the aimed lifetime of 10 5 cycles compared to the base material. Joint Line Remnant (JLR) bearing welds have a similar fatigue strength as sound welds and the JLR is not the crack initiation site. Kissing Bond (KB) bearing welds that have undergone a weld root polishing show a reduction in fatigue strength by 17% compared to sound welds. For specimens loaded at or above yield strength of the weld nugget the crack systematically initiates from the KB during the first cycle, which is interpreted further using fracture mechanics. The strongest reduction, about 28% in fatigue strength, is found for welds with an initial gap between the parent sheets (GAP welds) along with initi-ation at intergranular surface microcracks. Kahn tear tests show a reduction in tearing resistance for the flaw bearing welds with a similar ranking as for the fatigue strength.
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Submitted on : Monday, January 12, 2015 - 5:55:13 PM
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Thomas Le Jolu, Thilo F. Morgeneyer, Anne Denquin, Anne-Françoise Gourgues-Lorenzon. Fatigue lifetime and tearing resistance of AA2198 Al-Cu-Li alloy friction stir welds: fffect of defects. International Journal of Fatigue, Elsevier, 2015, 70, pp.463-472. ⟨10.1016/j.ijfatigue.2014.07.001⟩. ⟨hal-01102466⟩

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