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Origin of the variability of the mechanical properties of silk fibres: 3. Order and macromolecule orientation in Bombyx mori bave, hand-stretched strings and Nephila madagascarensis spider fibres

Abstract : The comparison of the low wavenumber of polarized Raman spectra (50–300 cm–1) from Bombyx mori (fresh cocoons fibres, hand-stretched ‘Crins de Florence’ strings from the gland content, dried gland, regenerated silk films) and Nephila madagascarensis silks reveals the high polarisation of fibre modes and the absence of polarisation for dried gland and regenerated silk films. This is consistent with X-ray diffraction measurements. The orientation of the fibroin/spidroin chains is due to the stretching during production, as for advanced synthetic fibres. The bandwidth of the ‘ordered chains’ signature is almost the same for the different fibres. However, the degree of polarisation seems to be higher in the case of spider fibre. The huge bandwidth of low wavenumber components of regenerated films indicates high disorder. Measurements along the fibre point out conformation changes with a periodicity (~20 mm) related to the silkworm head motion during the fabrication of the cocoon.
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Submitted on : Monday, January 26, 2015 - 11:26:05 AM
Last modification on : Friday, May 28, 2021 - 1:58:04 PM

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Philippe Colomban, Hung Manh Dinh, Aurélie Tournié, Vincent Jauzein. Origin of the variability of the mechanical properties of silk fibres: 3. Order and macromolecule orientation in Bombyx mori bave, hand-stretched strings and Nephila madagascarensis spider fibres. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, Wiley, 2012, 43, pp.1042-1048. ⟨10.1002/jrs.3122⟩. ⟨hal-01109380⟩

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