Cellulose–silica aerogels

Abstract : Aerogels based on interpenetrated cellulose–silica networks were prepared and characterised. Wet coagulated cellulose was impregnated with silica phase, polyethoxydisiloxane, using two methods: (i) molecular diffusion and (ii) forced flow induced by pressure difference. The latter allowed an enormous decrease in the impregnation times, by almost three orders of magnitude, for a sample with the same geometry. In both cases, nanostructured silica gel was in situ formed inside cellulose matrix. Nitrogen adsorption analysis revealed an almost threefold increase in pores specific surface area, from cellulose aerogel alone to organic-inorganic composite. Morphology, thermal conductivity and mechanical properties under uniaxial compression were investigated. Thermal conductivity of composite aerogels was lower than that of cellulose aerogel due to the formation of superinsulating mesoporous silica inside cellulose pores. Furthermore, composite aerogels were stiffer than each of reference aerogels.
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Soumis le : mercredi 28 janvier 2015 - 16:20:43
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Arnaud Demilecamps, Christian Beauger, Claudia Hildenbrand, Arnaud Rigacci, Tatiana Budtova. Cellulose–silica aerogels. Carbohydrate Polymers, Elsevier, 2015, 122, pp.293-300. ⟨10.1016/j.carbpol.2015.01.022⟩. ⟨hal-01110671⟩



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