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Damage Prediction Using Several Types of Macro-scale Damage Models in Different Cold Wire Production Lines

Abstract : The purpose of the present paper is to show how and to what extent the introduction of refined, shear sensitive models improves on previous ones, based on triaxiality only, for the phenomenological description of ductile damage in bulk cold metal forming processes. Wire-drawing and wire rolling are taken as examples. A set of mechanical tests has been conducted: round bar tension, notched bar tension, plane strain tension, and torsion for pure shear deformation. Both constitutive and damage model parameters have been carefully identified, with back-computation of the laboratory tests for validation. Application of the models to the cold forming processes, described here, shows the superiority of the shear-enhanced models for locating maximum damage in flat wire rolling, where a significant amount of shear is present (“blacksmith's cross” deformation pattern). On the contrary, it proves unnecessary for low-shear processes such as wire-drawing. The cavity-growth Gurson-Tvergaard-Needleman model seems to be the best basis for damage prediction in patented high carbon steel, a very ductile material.
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Trong-Son Cao, Pierre Montmitonnet, Pierre-Olivier Bouchard, Christian Bobadilla, Christophe Vachey. Damage Prediction Using Several Types of Macro-scale Damage Models in Different Cold Wire Production Lines. 11th International Conference on Technology of Plasticity, ICTP 2014, Oct 2014, Nagoya, Japan. pp.185-190, ⟨10.1016/j.proeng.2014.09.148⟩. ⟨hal-01110924⟩

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