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Pluri-annual sediment budget in a navigated river system: The Seine River (France)

Abstract : This study aims at quantifying pluri-annual Total SuspendedMatter (TSM) budgets, and notably the share of river navigation in total re-suspension at a long-term scale, in the Seine River along a 225 km stretch including the Paris area. Erosion is calculated based on the transport capacity concept with an additional term for the energy dissipated by river navigation. Erosion processes are fitted for the 2007–2011 period based on i) a hydrological typology of sedimentary processes and ii) a simultaneous calibration and retrospective validation procedure. The correlation between observed and simulated TSM concentrations is higher than 0.91 at all monitoring stations. A variographic analysis points out the possible sources of discrepancies between the variabilities of observed and simulated TSM concentrations at three time scales: sub-weekly, monthly and seasonally. Most of the error on the variability of simulated concentrations concerns sub-weekly variations and may be caused by boundary condition estimates rather than modeling of in-river processes. Once fitted, the model permits to quantify that only a small fraction of the TSM flux sediments onto the river bed (b0.3‰). The river navigation contributes significantly to TSM re-suspension in average (about 20%) and during low flow periods (over 50%). Given the significant impact that sedimentary processes can have on the water quality of rivers, these results highlight the importance of taking into account river navigation as a source of re-suspension, especially during low flow periods when biogeochemical processes are the most intense.
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https://hal-mines-paristech.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01111967
Contributor : Nicolas Flipo <>
Submitted on : Monday, February 2, 2015 - 2:11:37 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 24, 2020 - 4:34:10 PM

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Lauriane Vilmin, Nicolas Flipo, Chantal de Fouquet, Michel Poulin. Pluri-annual sediment budget in a navigated river system: The Seine River (France). Science of the Total Environment, Elsevier, 2015, 502, pp.48-59. ⟨10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.08.110⟩. ⟨hal-01111967⟩

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