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Interconnected logistic networks and protocols: simulation-based efficiency assessment

Abstract : Logistic networks intensely use means of transportation and storage facilities to deliver goods. However, these logistic networks are still poorly interconnected and this fragmentation is responsible for a lack of consolidation and thus efficiency. To cope with the seeming contradiction of just-in-time deliveries and challenging emissions targets, a major improvement in supply networks is sought here. This new organisation is based on the universal interconnection of logistics services, namely a Physical Internet where goods travel in modular containers for the sake of interconnection in open networks. If from a logical point of view, merging container flows should improve efficiency, no demonstration of its potential has been carried out prior to the here reported research. To reach this potentiality assessment goal, we model the asynchronous shipment and creation of containers within an interconnected network of services, find the best path routing for each container and minimise the use of transportations means. To carry out the demonstration and assess the associated stakes, we use a set of actual flows from the fast-moving consumer goods sector in France. Various transportation protocols and scenarios are tested, revealing encouraging results for efficiency indicators such as CO2 emissions, cost, lead time, delivery travel time, and so forth. As this is a first work in the field of flows transportation, the simulation model and experiment exposes many further research avenues.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 2, 2015 - 12:18:02 PM
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Rochdi Sarraj, Eric Ballot, Shenle Pan, Driss Hakimi, Benoit Montreuil. Interconnected logistic networks and protocols: simulation-based efficiency assessment. International Journal of Production Research, Taylor & Francis, 2014, 52 (11), pp.3185-3208. ⟨10.1080/00207543.2013.865853⟩. ⟨hal-01112138⟩



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