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Subgrain formation during deformation: physical origin and consequences

Abstract : The formation of subgrains in the course of plastic deformation is explained as a result of a trend to make the deformation easier by locally reducing the number of active slip systems. Local preference of one slip system changes the crystal orientation with respect to stress (Schmid factor), thus leading to geometrical softening or hardening. The trend to subgrain formation is treated in the framework of continuum mechanics as an instability against internal bending for the simple case of a crystal originally oriented for symmetric double slip. Once formed, the boundaries of the subgrains lead to hardening as they induce long-range internal back stresses in the interior of the subgrains by forcing the mobile dislocations to take a bowed configuration. Simple dislocation-based and Cosserat models are recalled to explain the size-dependent subgrain hardening, where smaller subgrains are stronger.
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 5, 2015 - 4:07:25 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:14:08 AM

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R. Sedlacek, W. Blum, J. Kratochvil, Samuel Forest. Subgrain formation during deformation: physical origin and consequences. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, Springer Verlag/ASM International, 2002, 33, pp.319-327. ⟨10.1007/s11661-002-0093-6⟩. ⟨hal-01113500⟩

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