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TiO2 Nanotubes: Interdependence of Substrate Grain Orientation and Growth Rate

Abstract : Highly ordered arrays of TiO2 nanotubes can be produced by self-organized anodic growth. It is desirable to identify key parameters playing a role in the maximization of the surface area, growth rate, and nanotube lengths. In this work, the role of the crystallographic orientation of the underlying Ti substrate on the growth rate of anodic self-organized TiO2 nanotubes in viscous organic electrolytes in the presence of small amounts of fluorides is studied. A systematic analysis of cross sections of the nanotubular oxide films on differently oriented substrate grains was conducted by a combination of electron backscatter diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The characterization allows for a correlation between TiO2 nanotube lengths and diameters and crystallographic parameters of the underlying Ti metal substrate, such as planar surface densities. It is found that the growth rate of TiO2 nanotubes gradually increases with the decreasing planar atomic density of the titanium substrate. Anodic TiO2 nanotubes with the highest aspect ratio form on Ti(-151) [which is close to Ti(010)], whereas nanotube formation is completely inhibited on Ti(001). In the thin compact oxide on Ti(001), the electron donor concentration and electronic conductivity are higher, which leads to a competition between oxide growth and other electrochemical oxidation reactions, such as the oxygen evolution reaction, upon anodic polarization. At grain boundaries between oxide films on Ti(hk0), where nanotubes grow, and Ti(001), where thin compact oxide films are formed, the length of nanotubes decreases most likely because of lateral electron migration from TiO2 on Ti(001) to TiO2 on Ti(hk0).
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Contributor : Magalie Prudon <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, February 11, 2015 - 11:26:10 AM
Last modification on : Friday, October 30, 2020 - 12:04:02 PM



Silvia Leonardi, Valeria Russo, Andrea Li Bassi, Fabio Di Fonzo, Thomas M. Murray, et al.. TiO2 Nanotubes: Interdependence of Substrate Grain Orientation and Growth Rate. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Washington, D.C. : American Chemical Society, 2015, 7 (3), pp.1662-1668. ⟨10.1021/am507181p⟩. ⟨hal-01115502⟩



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