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PLA/algae composites: Morphology and mechanical properties

Abstract : Bio-composites with poly(lactic) acid as matrix and various algae (red, brown and green) as filler were prepared via melt mixing. Algae initial size (below 50 μm and between 200 and 400 μm) and concentration (from 2 to 40 wt%) were varied. First, algae morphology, composition and surface properties are analysed for each algae type. Second, an example of algae particle size decrease during processing is given. Finally, tensile properties of composites are analysed. The surface of algae flakes was covered with inorganic salts affecting filler–matrix interactions. The Young’s modulus of composites increased at 40 wt% load of algae as compared with neat PLA although the strain at break and tensile strength decreased. In most cases the influence of algae type was minor. Larger flakes led to better mechanical properties compared to the smaller ones.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 7, 2015 - 11:01:59 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 17, 2021 - 12:28:16 PM



Mindaugas Bulota, Tatiana Budtova. PLA/algae composites: Morphology and mechanical properties. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, Elsevier, 2015, 73, pp.109-115. ⟨10.1016/j.compositesa.2015.03.001⟩. ⟨hal-01139838⟩



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