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Full scale experimentation on a new translucent passive solar wall combining silica aerogels and phase change materials

Abstract : This paper presents the first passive solar wall providing simultaneously super insulation, heat storage and daylighting to the inner space. The wall’s external layer is composed of a silica aerogels bed for high insulation and solar radiation transmission. The second layer, internal, is composed of glass bricks filled with a eutectic phase change material (PCM) for heat storage and restitution. The whole wall is translucent. The experimentations carried out to characterize thermal and optical properties of the materials used are described. Then results are given for a full scale comparative experimentation on a twin zones building located in the south of France for the solar wall and a standard opaque high thermal capacity wall. Results show the heat losses through the wall are very low while the heat and light gains are high: The U value of the solar wall is 0.59 W m−1 K−1 and 0.72 W m−1 K−1 respectively when the PCM is in liquid and solid state. With the test building in free floating condition, the temperature difference between the outdoor and indoor air provided by the wall is about 9 °C in winter. The wall can provide up to 500 lux to the inner environment, which is sufficient for conference rooms. The tested wall has proven more effective in winter and shoulder season, particularly for cold sunny climates, but may cause overheating in summer.
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Submitted on : Friday, April 10, 2015 - 4:26:05 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 12, 2020 - 2:28:05 PM
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Yannick Berthou, Pascal Henry Biwole, Patrick Achard, Hébert Sallée, Mireille Tantot-Neirac, et al.. Full scale experimentation on a new translucent passive solar wall combining silica aerogels and phase change materials. Solar Energy, Elsevier, 2015, 115, pp.733-742. ⟨10.1016/j.solener.2015.03.038⟩. ⟨hal-01140656⟩

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