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Improving the gradient of the image-domain objective function using quantitative migration for a more robust migration velocity analysis

Abstract : Migration velocity analysis aims at determining the background velocity model. Classical artefacts, such as migration smiles, are observed on subsurface offset common image gathers, due to spatial and frequency data limitations. We analyse their impact on the differential semblance functional and on its gradient with respect to the model. In particular, the differential semblance functional is not necessarily minimum at the expected value. Tapers are classically applied on common image gathers to partly reduce these artefacts. Here, we first observe that the migrated image can be defined as the first gradient of an objective function formulated in the data-domain. For an automatic and more robust formulation, we introduce a weight in the original data-domain objective function. The weight is determined such that the Hessian resembles a Dirac function. In that way, we extend quantitative migration to the subsurface-offset domain. This is an automatic way to compensate for illumination. We analyse the modified scheme on a very simple 2D case and on a more complex velocity model to show how migration velocity analysis becomes more robust.
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https://hal-mines-paristech.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01143751
Contributor : Herve Chauris <>
Submitted on : Monday, April 20, 2015 - 10:37:39 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 24, 2020 - 4:34:08 PM

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Charles-Antoine Lameloise, Hervé Chauris, Mark Noble. Improving the gradient of the image-domain objective function using quantitative migration for a more robust migration velocity analysis. Geophysical Prospecting, Wiley, 2015, 63 (2), pp.391-404. ⟨10.1111/1365-2478.12195⟩. ⟨hal-01143751⟩

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