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Validation of the surface downwelling solar irradiance estimates of the HelioClim-3 database in Egypt

Abstract : HelioClim-3 (HC3) is a database providing time series of the surface downwelling solar irradiance that are computed from images of the Meteosat satellites. This paper presents the validation results of the hourly global horizontal irradiance (GHI) and direct normal irradiance (DNI), i.e., beam irradiance at normal incidence, of versions four and five of HC3 at seven Egyptian sites. The validation is performed for all-sky conditions, as well as cloud-free conditions. Both versions of HC3 provide similar OPEN ACCESS Remote Sens. 2015, 7 9270 performances whatever the conditions. Another comparison is made with the estimates provided by the McClear database that is restricted to cloud-free conditions. All databases capture well the temporal variability of the GHI in all conditions, McClear being superior for cloud-free cases. In cloud-free conditions for the GHI, the relative root mean square error (RMSE) are fairly similar, ranging from 6% to 15%; both HC3 databases exhibit a smaller bias than McClear. McClear offers an overall better performance for the cloud-free DNI estimates. For all-sky conditions, the relative RMSE for GHI ranges from 10% to 22%, except one station, while, for the DNI, the results are not so good for the two stations with DNI measurements.
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Yehia Eissa, Mohamed Korany, Youva Aoun, Mohamed Boraiy, Magdy Abdel Wahab, et al.. Validation of the surface downwelling solar irradiance estimates of the HelioClim-3 database in Egypt. Remote Sensing, MDPI, 2015, 7, pp.9269-9291. ⟨10.3390/rs70709269⟩. ⟨hal-01180379⟩

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